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Ba.t cho Mo^.t Vo+. Mo^.t Cho^`ng

Nguye^~n Va(n Sa^m

     Co' nhu+~ng quye^?n truye^.n ta chi? ddo.c ddu+o+.c va`i to+` ro^`i nghi? me^.t, xe^'p la.i, dde^? cho tri' o'c tu+. do lo+ mo+ mo^.t tho+`i gian ro^`i mo+'i tie^'p tu.c the^m ddu+o+.c . Co' nhu+~ng cuo^'n sa'ch ta ddo.c nu+?a chu+`ng ro^`i bo? cuo^.c luo^n vi` ly' do na^`y hay ly' do kha'c, thuo^.c ve^` dde^` ta`i, ky~ thua^.t hay va(n phong; ne^'u co' tie^'p tu.c ddo.c tro+? la.i thi` cu~ng pha?i la^u la^u la('m . Co' truye^.n da`i tha^.t da`i ta la.i ddo.c nga^'u nghie^'n, ddo.c cho ky` he^'t dde^? coi die^~n bie^'n ra sao, nha^n va^.t cha'nh cuo^'i cu`ng ro^`i se~ gia?i quye^'t nhu+ the^' na`o trong ti`nh huo^'ng anh dda~ bu+o+'c va`o ... Truye^.n Nguye^~n Ta^'n Hu+ng o+? va`o loa.i ddo' . Ta kho^ng the^? buo^ng sa'ch xuo^'ng khi chu+a dde^'n trang cho't . Luo^n luo^n co' ca'i gi` ddo' mo+`i go.i, tha'ch thu+'c ta bo? the^m chu't thi` gio+` dde^? nghie^`n nga^~m tu+`ng tra.ng tha'i ta^m ly' va` tu+`ng do`ng suy nghi~ u+u tu+ cu~ng nhu+ thu+o+?ng thu+'c tu+`ng ca^u no'i cu?a nha^n va^.t . Su+. mo+`i go.i, tha'ch thu+'c ddo', to^i go.i la` ca'i duye^n trong truye^.n cu?a Nguye^~n Ta^'n Hu+ng .

     Ca'i duye^n ddu+o+.c ke^'t ho+.p do nhie^`u ye^'u to^': du.c ti`nh cu?a nha^n va^.t cha'nh - ca'i du.c ti`nh ma` Re'ne' de Balzac no'i la` khi sa'ng ta'c mi`nh dda^?y ma.nh ho+n xa ho+n dde^? co' ddu+o+.c nha^n va^.t dda(.c bie^.t - va` su+. thua^`n lu+o+ng nga^y tho+ cu?a nhu+~ng nha^n va^.t phu. chung quanh, kie^?u nha^n va^.t cu?a Leon Tolstoi khi ve^` gia` . Hai tra.ng tha'i tu+o+ng pha?n nhu+ng kho^ng ddo^'i kha'ng na^`y hie^.n die^.n dde^? la`m ne^n su+. bi-dda't-sung-su+o+'ng cu?a cuo^.c ddo+`i ma` chi'nh ca' nha^n nha^n va^.t cha'nh ta.o ne^n . Ta'c gia? kho^ng co' y' nha('c dde^'n chu+~ nghie^.p . Co' the^? ta'c gia? co`n muo^'n ngu+o+`i ddo.c ddu+a ra tie^'ng chu+?i ru?a "ddo^` ca` cho+'n" khi tha^'y vai chi'nh ta.o ra nhu+~ng ra`ng buo^.c, vu+o+'ng vi't ro^`i tu+. chun va`o trong ca'i ke'n gai go'c ddo' ma` than kho^? tho+? da`i . Kho^ng co' ca'i ddi.nh ma.ng, cu~ng nhu+ hoa`n ca?nh nghie^.t nga~ ga^y ne^n tha?m tra.ng trong truye^.n . Chi? co' lo`ng ngu+o+`i vo+'i nhu+~ng ham muo^'n va` su+. buo^ng xuo^i cho hoa`n ca?nh . To^i ye^u khi'a ca.nh ddo' cu?a truye^.n Nguye^~n Ta^'n Hu+ng . DDo' la` ddie^?n hi`nh tha^.t cu?a con ngu+o+`i, kho^ng cu+o+`ng ddie^.u ho'a, kho^ng co^ng thu+'c ho'a, kho^ng ve~ ra con ngu+o+`i ly' tu+o+?ng vi` nhu+~ng nhu ca^`u chi'nh tri. hay va(n ho'a gi` gi` he^'t . Ta'c gia? mo^ ta? cho+i cho+i . Nha^n va^.t lu+`ng lu+~ng no'i na(ng gio+~n ho+'t . Tu+. tie^.n ta'n ti?nh nhau . Ta^'t ca? nhu+ la` ddu`a . DDe^? ddi ti`m su+. sung su+o+'ng, su+. tho?a ma?n ti`nh ca?m hay tha^n xa'c . Nhu+ng ro^`i ca'i nghie^.p cu?a ho. mang theo sau ddo' la` ca'i nghie^.p tha^.t, mo^.t chuye^.n nghie^m chi?nh: no^~i buo^`n cu+u mang kho^ng the^? go+~ cho chi'nh mi`nh va` cho ngu+o+`i mi`nh vu+o+ng vi'u dde^'n .

     Tha^`y gia'o Hie^'u dda~ co' vo+., hie^.n ddang lie^n la.c tho+ ti`nh ke^? le^? no^~i nho+' thu+o+ng vo+'i mo^.t co^ ba.n ti`nh cu~ o+? xa ddang co' cho^`ng co' con, la.i ye^u thi'ch ca'i tre? da.i tho+ nga^y cu?a mo^.t co^ ho.c tro` o+? ga^`n . Tu+. mi`nh vu+o+ng da`i ra ba ca'nh tay ni'u ke'o va`o lo`ng mi`nh ba ngu+o+`i dda`n ba` ne^n Hie^'u bi. da(`n va^.t, lu'ng tu'ng, kho^? so+? trie^`n mie^n ma(.c da^`u anh co' nhu+~ng tho+`i gian ha.nh phu'c sung su+o+'ng khi ddu+o+.c vie^'t tho+, ddu+o+.c nghe ddie^.n thoa.i, hay ddu+o+.c o^m va`o lo`ng co^ ho.c tro` tre? . Bo^?n pha^.n va` ma(.c ca?m sai tra'i vo+'i vo+. . Ta^m tra.ng ddu+o+.c thu+o+ng ho+` va` to^.i lo^~i pha' na't gia cang ngu+o+`i kha'c . Ma(.c ca?m gia` va` kho^ng xu+'ng lu+'a . Ba ngu+o+`i dda`n ba` dde^`u thu+o+ng Hie^'u nhu+ng dde^`u ddu+a dde^'n nhu+~ng tra.ng tha'i no^.i ta^m kho^ng de^~ da`ng gi` cho Hie^'u a(n ngon ngu? ky~ dde^? nha^'m nha'p nhu+~ng ti`nh thu+o+ng kia . Va` Hie^'u ngu.p la(.n trong hai ma(.t ddau kho^? sung su+o+'ng ddo' cho dde^'n mo^.t nga`y anh bu+`ng ti?nh tro+? ve^` vo+'i con ngu+o+`i tha^.t su+. cu?a mi`nh: mo^.t ngu+o+`i lo la('ng cho ha.nh phu'c cu?a vo+. con . Pha^`n na`y ke^'t thu'c ba(`ng chuye^'n ddi cho+i Vu~ng Ta`u cu?a gia ddi`nh Hie^'u .

     Nguye^~n Ta^'n Hu+ng muo^'n vie^'t mo^.t truye^.n tru+o+`ng thie^n, vi` va^.y truye^.n se~ kho^ng cha^'m du+'t o+? ddo' . Ta kho^ng bie^'t ddu+o+.c tha^`y gia'o bi. nhie^`u ca'm do^~ Hie^'u se~ co`n la`m nhu+~ng gi` nu+~a sau ddo' . Anh se~ dde^? ca'c ngu+o+`i dda`n ba` chung quanh da^~n da('c anh ddi dda^u, ta kho^ng bie^'t ddu+o+.c . Con ngu+o+`i la` na.n nha^n cu?a ha`nh ddo^.ng va` ta'nh khi' cu?a mi`nh, to^i bie^'t cha('c ra(`ng Hie^'u se~ co`n kho^? nhie^`u ne^'u kho^ng la` tha^n xa'c thi` cu~ng la` no^.i ta^m o+? nhu+~ng pha^`n tie^'p theo cu?a ta'c pha^?m .

     Mo^~i ngo`i bu't co' nhu+~ng dda(.c thu` rie^ng . Ca'i dda(.c thu` u+u ddie^?m cu?a Nguye^~n Ta^'n Hu+ng ai cu~ng nhi`n tha^'y la` va(n chu+o+ng ngo.t nga`o, de^~ da~i . Nhu+~ng khu'c ma('c cu?a ngo^n tu+` hay trie^'t ly' va('ng bo'ng trong ca^u va(n cu?a anh - nhu+ng kho^ng pha?i vi` va^.y ma` truye^.n kho^ng mang ho+i hu+o+'m trie^'t ly' ve^` cuo^.c so^'ng nha^n sinh . The^m va`o la` nhu+~ng ca^u tho+ ca^u ha't ho` cu?a ddo^`ng ruo^.ng xa xu+a, cu?a ddo^ tha`nh nhu+~ng na(m 60-70 . O^i hai thu+' dda'ng ye^u ma` kho^ng pha?i ai ai cu~ng ddu+o+.c tha^'y ddu+o+.c nghe va` co' co+ may thu+o+?ng thu+'c ba(`ng tuo^?i hoa nie^n cu?a mi`nh . Gia?i thi'ch su+. nho+' tu+`ng chi tie^'t nho? nha(.t cu?a ca'c khung ca?nh sinh hoa.t trong truye^.n cu?a Nguye^~n Ta^'n Hu+ng, to^i cho ra(`ng anh dda~ cu+u mang mo^.t nie^`m la^n ma^~n vo^ cu`ng ve^` su+. ddo^?i thay tang thu+o+ng tre^n dda^'t nu+o+'c no'i chung va` tre^n ca'c vu`ng My~ Tho, Kie^'n Ho`a, Sa`i Go`n no'i rie^ng . Su+. la^n ma^~n ddo' khie^'n anh va^.n du.ng ta^'t ca? tri' nho+' cu?a mi`nh dde^? ve~ la.i nhu+~ng ne't dda(.c bie^.t dda'ng ye^u cu?a tu+`ng ddi.a phu+o+ng, mo^.t u+u ddie^?m ma` kho^ng pha?i nha` va(n na`o cu~ng co' . To^i cho ra(`ng sau na`y nhu+~ng mie^u ta? cu?a Nguye^~n Ta^'n Hu+ng se~ ddu+o+.c coi nhu+ nhu+~ng ve^'t ti'ch qua' khu+' ra^'t quy' kho^ng bao gio+` co`n ti`m tha^'y ddu+o+.c, nhu+ tru+o+`ng ho+.p Nguye^~n Tua^n tru+o+'c dda^y vo+'i Vang Bo'ng Mo^.t Tho+`i .

     So^'ng ba(`ng lo`ng ye^u me^'n va(n chu+o+ng to^.t ddo^., vie^'t ba(`ng mo^.t tri' tue^. minh ma^~n dde^? ddie^`u khie^?n ho+.p ly' nha^n va^.t cu?a mi`nh, Nguye^~n Ta^'n Hu+ng cha('c cha('n trong tu+o+ng lai se~ co^'ng hie^'n cho chu'ng ta nhie^`u ta'c pha^?m ddo^.c dda'o ho+n nu+~a .

Te^'t Ky? Ma~o, 1999, mo^`ng sa'u .
Nguye^~n Va(n Sa^m

Ba`i Tru+o+'c Trang Chi'nh Ba`i Ke^' Tie^'p